Saturday, 15 March 2014

Diagnosis and Treatment for Nonspecific Lower Back Pain in Adults!!

If you have lower back pain, you are not alone. Nearly everyone at some point has back pain that interferes with work, routine daily activities, or recreation. As people age, bone strength and muscle elasticity and tone tend to decrease. The discs begin to lose fluid and flexibility, which decreases their ability to cushion the vertebrae causes pain. Low back pain can differ from person to person. The pain may be mild, or it can be so severe that you are unable to move. Depending on the cause of your back pain, you may also have pain in your leg, hip, or on the bottom of your foot. Many people with chronic back pain have arthritis and extra wear and tear on the spine. This may be due to:
  • Heavy use from work or sports
  • Past injuries and fractures
  • Past surgery

Risk Factor
You are at greater risk for low back pain if you
  • Are over age 30
  • Are overweight
  • Are pregnant
  • Do not exercise
  • Feel stressed or depressed
  • Have a job in which you have to do a lot of heavy lifting, bending and twisting, or that involves whole body vibration
  • Smoke
Signs and Symptoms
You may feel a variety of symptoms if you have back pain, including:
  • Dull aching
  • Sharp pain
  • Tingling or burning sensation
  • Weakness in your legs or feet

How is low back pain diagnosed?

  • Blood tests, especially a complete blood count and erythrocyte sedimentation rate
  • CT scan of the lower spine
  • MRI scan of the lower spine
  • Myelogram (an x-ray or CT scan of the spine after dye has been injected into the spinal column)
  • X-ray
  • Discography
How is back pain treated?

Most low back pain can be treated without surgery. Treatment involves using analgesics, reducing inflammation, restoring proper function and strength to the back, and preventing recurrence of the injury. 

Surgical Treatments
Non-Surgical Treatments

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