Osteoporosis is a condition in which the mineral portion of bone is lost, making the bone weak and brittle; occurs most commonly in postmenopausal women. It is a type of silent disease, which is characterized by the loss of the normal thickness or hardness of bone causing it to become brittle. This bone disease makes the bone grow weak and in the process escalates the possibility of its fracturing easily even during minor injuries. In Osteoporosis, the bone fracture can occur either in the form of cracking or complete collapsing. Even though Osteoporosis-connected fractures of the bone can take place in any body part, the commonly affected areas are points are spine, hips and wrists.
Osteoporosis signs and symptoms that include:
* Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra
* Loss of height over time
* A stooped posture
* A bone fracture that occurs much more easily than expected
The goal of treatment of osteoporosis is the prevention of bone fractures by reducing bone loss or, preferably, by increasing bone density and strength. Although early detection and timely treatment of osteoporosis can substantially decrease the risk of future fractures, none of the available treatments for osteoporosis are complete cures. In other words, it is difficult to completely rebuild bone that has been weakened by osteoporosis. Therefore, prevention of osteoporosis is as important as treatment.
The following are osteoporosis treatment and prevention measures:
* Lifestyle changes, including quitting cigarette smoking, curtailing excessive alcohol intake, exercising regularly, and consuming a balanced diet with adequate calcium and vitamin D
* Medications that stop bone loss and increase bone strength.
* Medications that increase bone formation such as teriparatide (Forteo)
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