Surgical treatment for knee pain is known as knee transplant. It’s of two types.
Partial knee transplant : In this method, the surgeon replaces only the damaged portions of the knee with metal and plastic parts.
Total knee replacement : In this procedure, the complete knee is replaced with an artificial joint. It requires a major surgery and hospitalization.
Who needs a knee replacement surgery?
If the knee is really stiff and painful, difficult to perform even the basic activities, only then will the knee replacement surgery be considered. This surgery is mainly reserved for people over the age of 50, and those who have severe osteoarthritis.
What happens during knee replacement surgery?
Once administered with the anaesthesia, an 8 to 12-inch incision is made in the front of the knee. The damaged part of the joint is then removed from the surface of the bones, and the surfaces are then shaped in such a way to hold a metal or plastic artificial joint.
The artificial joint is then attached to the thigh bone, shin and knee cap with the help of cement or any other special material. When fit together, the newly installed artificial parts of the joint, will be relying on the surrounding muscles and ligaments for support and function.
How is the recovery period after knee replacement surgery?
The minimum time of stay in the hospital after knee replacement is mostly three to five days. Mostly the vast majority of patients who have undergone the knee joint replacement surgery have dramatic improvement. The improvement is most notable one month or more after surgery.
The pain caused by the damaged joint is completely reduced when the new gliding surface is constructed during surgery. After the knee replacement, people are standing and also moving the joint the day after surgery.
Orthopaedic Surgery India is a super speciality clinic, which offers various orthopaedic treatments in Chennai. The treatments include Joint replacements, Arthritis, Sports Medicine.
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