Thursday, 9 October 2014

Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee Replacement Surgery
                        Knee replacement is a surgical procedure to rectify serious knee damage by removing damaged cartilage and bone in the knee joint .Then, human made artificial bones or joints are replaced. Knee replacement can relieve pain and allow you to be more active. 
                        In general, the surgery consists of replacing the diseased or damaged joint surfaces of the knee with metal and plastic components shaped to allow continued motion of the knee.
                        There are different kinds of Knee Replacement Surgery:-
Partial knee replacement 
                          Traditionally, patients have undergone total knee replacement for serious arthritis of the knee joint. But now, the system changed, partial knee surgery or a uni-compartmental knee arthroplasty,' is a surgery that may be considered for treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee joint. The advantage is that, here a small cut is made and recovery period is tool fast, whereas total knee replacement, all cartilage is removed from the knee joint through a big incision. 
                            Advantages of Partial Knee replacement compared to Full knee replacement include smaller incision, easier post-op rehabilitation, better post-operative ROM, shorter hospital stay, less blood loss, lower risk of infection, stiffness, and blood clots, and easier revision if necessary.

Rotating knee replacement 
                           The rotating knee replacement install not only swing back and forth, but the knee can also rotate inwards and outwards. Because a normal knee joint rotates a small amount, the rotating knee replacements are projected to more closely imitate normal knee motion. This is one of the replacement techniques which will ensure both reliability and durability. 

Gender specific knee replacement 
                           Gender specific knee replacement entitles a special technique of knee replacement that implants are designed in a similar way, except that the "average" is different for a man's bone and a woman's bone. The idea behind doing this is that by better imitating the normal anatomy, the joint replacement implants may allow for better function, as well as improved durability. 

Custom knee replacement 
                            This is another type, similar to other form of replacement procedure, within a MRI is taken prior to the surgery and custom cutting guides are then made for the patient. This helps the surgeon to remove and replace the exact bone.
Risks involved in knee replacement are:
·         Nerve damage
·         Heart attack
·         Infection
·         Knee stiffness
·         Stroke
·         Blood clots in the leg vein or lungs
Post-operative care 

During your stay in hospital, a physiotherapist will teach you exercises to help strengthen your knee. You can usually begin these the day after your operation. It is very important that you follow the physiotherapist's advice to avoid complications or dislocation of your new joint. 

You will usually be in hospital for 6 to 10 days. Patients who have had a half knee replacement usually have a shorter hospital stay.
Knee replacement surgery is very cheap in India and also got some of the best Knee replacement Hospitals in the world. In India the Total Knee replacement surgery starts from $6,000 which very cheap compared to other countries like United States where the cost starts from $40,000.
Medical Trust Hospital, Kerala is one of the best hospitals in India equipped with most advanced equipments and well experienced doctors. Here Knee replacement surgery is done under the supervision of Dr.Thadi Mohan, who is one of the best Knee replacement Surgeon in India, He has got more than 20 years of experience in this field. He has got patients from all over the world.
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