The acetabulum is hip joint part and formed by a portion of the in nominate bone and lies on the point where the ilium, ischium, and pubis are joined by the triradiate cartilage, The acetabulum is enclosed by the anterior and the posterior columns like the 2 limbs of an inverted Y. Cartilage lines the socket to keep movement smooth and the joint cushioned.Acetabulum fracture means fracture in this socket.
acetabular fracture are those injuries connected to the hip.Hip joint means where your thigh bone meets your pelvis bone. Hips are called ball-and-socket joints because the ball-like top of your thigh bone moves within a cup-like space in pelvis. Acetabular fractures normally caused by either high-pressuretrauma, most commonlyfrom an automobile accident, or from what are called an insufficiency fracture. An insufficiency fracture is most common in olderpatients and is caused by the bone being weakened by osteoporosis. This fracture usually see in Older women than older men.
The patient injured by acetabulum fracture, first has to be diagnosed properly to know the extent of the instability
and cartilage displacement. The Surgery is often recommended for:
1) Support the cartilage surface
2) Removing debris (bone) from within the hip joint
3) Repairing stability of the hip
Acetabulum Surgery may be required depending on the extent of damage to thecartilage in the joint and the degree of instability in the hip.Surgery helpsto remove bone debris from the joint, restore stability to the hip and align the surface of the cartilage so the ball is held tightly within the socket ofthe joint. Surgery is most often carrying out in younger patients. For olderpatients, even if the alignment of the joint is not perfect, fractures may beallowed to heal on their own.
Up to three months after surgery patients must not put weight on the affected leg. If put any weight on leg it risks displacing the joint again. In the longer term, patients who have fractured their acetabulum face an increased risk of arthritis in the joint.
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